Jaromer and its Old Army Fortress in Josefov, this is not only an August’s three-day center of extreme music but also an interesting part of East Bohemia where you can find scenic beauties combined with glorious history, or human craft. When you visit East Bohemia, you can enjoy folk traditions, including ancient crafts; discover a number of castles and chateaus, old military fortresses and fortivications, historical town reserves and other attractive sights of Renaissance, Baroque, Art Nouveau and Art Deco architecture. On this page we would like to give you several tips for local tourist attractions.
Old Army Fortress Josefov near Jaroměř
Let’s start in Josefov, directly at the venue of the Brutal Assault Festival. As you maybe know, you are directly in the center of Old Army Fortress. There is an unbelievable number of military-history monuments on each continent. Even more of them survived on beautiful designs, paintings and engravings which are kept in archives and museums. However, not only experts and admirers like the well maintained walls, green moat areas, interesting constructive details and magic sites of underground forts. Fort Josefov offers a lot of those to visitors.
Fort Josefov, formerly Ples, was built between 1780 and 1787 as the protection of Eastern Bohemia against the danger of Prussians. Its location, about 20 km away from the country confines, reflected then military strategy to defend the country through a strong field army with a few big forts in the rear. In Bohemia, these were Hradec Králové (Königgrätz), Terezín (Theresienstadt) and Prague, of course, and Olomouc (Olmütz) in Moravia. The Fort Josefov defense system then corresponded to the period military tactics and army equipment. Up to 12.000 men were supposed to defend it.
Do not hesitate and do not lose the oportunity to visit next Josefov’s attractions:
The underground corridors, once an important part of the defense system, are visited by tourists as the most interesting place in town. In the eighteenth century, when the fortress was built, these
corridors were probably the largest underground means of defense in Europe. Their length totaled approximately 45 kilometers or 30 miles. The tour designed for visitors is about one kilometer or almost one mile long. The tour describes the methods of underground combat and how dangerous the job of army engineers was. The walk in underground passages is overwhelming, mysterious, and romantic. Real candle lanterns, which visitors carry on them, are the only source of illumination. The tour takes about 45 minutes. Admission Fee is around 2 EUR for adults.
Town Hall Museum is located in the town hall which was built in the years 1883-1884. We can admire stucco decorations in the main hall done in the renaissance style. The exposition of the museum presents the history of the town of Jaromer and Josefov, showing the best of the collection of artifacts. A one thousand-year-old boat is the most unique piece. Additionally, models of original fortress gateways, models of the medieval town of Jaromer, a gothic altar, baroque works of art and other interesting things are presented.
Bastion I - a big lapidary with wide collection of original saints sculpture made by sculptural team of Matyas Bernard Braun.
M.Frost’s Military-Historical Museum is placed on Riegrovo square 7 in Josefov. It offers exhibits from 19th century to the World War I. and II. which is mainly connected with the history of Czechoslovakian army.
Josefov this is not only history, you can also visit the local airport which offers opportunities of private sightseeing flights which starts at 15 Eur per person. More info at www.letistejaromer.cz.
Josefov-Jaroměř are a part of East Bohemia. This region is well known for its rare number of castles,chateaus and sacred monuments. Visitors can also see a show of various architectural styles and learn about the history of times long ago. If you are looking for something specific or unique, you are bound to find it here – from military and technical monuments, through observatories to the worldfamous ZOO Dvůr Králové and its safari.
We have to mention the biggest city of this region Hradec Králové. You should not miss The Old Town Catherdal which is the oldest monument in the city. It was built in the 14th century, only the western entrance frontage with an organ loft came into being in 1463. The old town squareis domiated by this cathedral and also The Old Townhall which dates back to the 16th centrury and was rebuilt in Renaissance-style in 1850 (just 16 years before the famous battle of Koeniggraetz).You will also admire novely preserved historic town center. Architecture of 19th and early 20th century is one of the main reasons why domestic as well as foreign visitors come to Hradec Králové.
On the way from Prague to Josefov you can visit other interesting place Kutná Hora, full of historical buildings and monuments headed by breathtaking St. Barbara's Church and (oh yes!) very popular Ossuary “Kostnice” which is essentially a repository for human bones which have been disinterred once the bodies have decomposed so that the graves can then be reused. It is a surprisingly common practice worldwide where burial space is at a premium, either through pressure of population, competition with other landuses or in areas where there is little or no soil: so much for the undertakers' reassurance of being buried 'in perpetuity'! This is a MUST SEE place, do not miss it! More information here: www.kostnice.cz
Castles near Jaroměř-Josefov
Below you can find short tips for visiting local castles distanced no more than 30-40km from Jaroměř-Josefov:
- Chlumec nad Cidlinou Castle
- Doudleby nad Orlicí Castle
- Nové Město nad Metují Castle
- Broumov Monastery
- Opočno Castle
- Ratibořice Castle
- Rychnov nad Kněžnou Castle
Czechoslovak fortifications, including bunkers, forts, and cabins, were constructed in the years1935-1938 as part of the country’s defence system, particularly against the Nazi threat. The Munich Agreement of 1938, which forced the country to relinquish a large part of territory to Nazi Germany, put an end to the construction project; hence, the country lost its system of fortifications. On your journeys today along the Polish border you will come across a great amount of evidence from that period; many of these objects are accessible to the public. They often shelter original equipmentmeant for the nation’s defence.
The heaviest fortified area of both Czechoslovakia and Europe was the territory around the town of Králíky, which features the well-preserved and accessible artillery Fort Bouda. Military demonstrations with historical equipment are held here annually in the second half of August –„Cihelna“. Military history buffs will surely not want to miss the important military demonstration event held annually in the first half of August in „Mladějov“.
Additional important military forts in Eastern Bohemia include „Dobrošov“ in the Kladsko borderlands and „Hanička“ in the Orlické Mountains.
In addition to monuments from the Second World War the region also holds landmarks from older military conflicts. One of the most important was „The Battle at Hradec Králové" on July 03rd, 1866, when the Prussian army annihilated Austrian troops.
The Eastern Bohemian landscape offers an inexhaustible number of natural beauties. Spending freetime outside of town and villages will provide visitors many pleasing moments and experiences. Valuable and relatively untouched ecosystems of flora and fauna in many locations have led to increased protection and their subsequent declaration as protected landscape territories and nature preserves containing old-growth forests, rare species of water fowl, arboretums with rare trees, and elsewhere thermophile plants and rare molluscs.
Protected landscape areas in Eastern Bohemia are „Žďárské vrchy“, „Orlické hory“, „Broumov Region“, „Železné hory“.